High School Wrestling: The Path to Wrestling Greatness

Wrestling is not just a sport; it is a state of mind. It is a way of life. Wrestling embodies principles and concepts that one can follow on and off the mat.

The samurai of Japan followed the Bushido Code. Bushido means “Way of the Warrior.” Taoists follow certain principles as well. Tao means “way” or “path.” Zen Buddhists also follow certain principles. Zen has to do with being quiet and observant. In Zen, meditation, self-contemplation, and intuition are very important concepts. Someone online made this observation regarding Zen: “One way to think of Zen is this: a total state of focus that incorporates a total togetherness of body and mind. Zen is a way of being. It also is a state of mind. Zen involves dropping illusion and seeing things without distortion created by your own thoughts.”

What principles do wrestlers follow? Does a wrestling code exist? What is the path to wrestling greatness? I contemplated these questions and others and wrote this article to share some of my thoughts.

The Way of the Wrestler:

Remember Your Elders and the Rich History of Wrestling

Wrestling is considered one of the world’s oldest sports; it has been around for thousands of years. Wrestling was practiced in the ancient Egyptian, Babylonian, Grecian, and Roman empires.

Wrestling is mentioned in the Epic of Gilgamesh, one of the earliest known works of literature. Wrestling is also mentioned in the Bible. Jacob wrestles through the night with a man (possibly God) and ends up with a dislocated hip. In Beowulf, the hero Beowulf “grapples” with the monster Grendel eventually tearing off Grendel’s arm. Beowulf is said to have a strong handgrip. He grapples with Grendel because he doesn’t want to have any advantage by using weapons. Other ancient works of literature mention wrestling as well.

The philosopher Plato was a wrestler. Plato was actually a nickname given to him by his wrestling coach. Plato means “broad” and may have referred to Plato’s broad shoulders or perhaps his sturdy, powerful build. Plato thought highly of wrestling. In his book entitledLaws, Plato states, “…the art of wrestling erect and keeping free the neck and hands and sides, working with energy and constancy, with a composed strength, and for the sake of health-these are always useful, and are not to be neglected…”

Some famous politicians (including presidents), soldiers (including generals), businessmen, actors, writers, comedians and other celebrities were wrestlers at one time. George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, General George Patton, General Norman Schwartzkopf, Senator John McCain, John Irving (author), Tom Cruise, Vince Vaughn, Ashton Kutcher, Jay Leno were all wrestled. Some famous football players and boxers wrestled as well. Hall of Fame Football Coach John Madden stated, ” I would have all of my offensive lineman wrestle if I could.”

In the book Wrestling Tough, author Mike Chapman mentions legendary football coach Paul “Bear” Bryant who coached the University of Alabama to six national titles. According to Chapman, “Bryant held wrestling in such high esteem as a developer of athletes, physically and mentally, that he made the Alabama football team work out in the wrestling room in spring practice, shooting takedowns and engaging in live scrimmages.”

Of course, it almost goes without saying that many mixed martial artists that fought or continue to fight in the UFC and Pride were wrestlers. Dan Henderson, Dan Severn, Matt Hughes, Tito Ortiz, Randy Couture, Chuck Liddell, Sean Sherk, Frankie Edgar, and Brock Lesnar were all wrestlers just to name a few. Other mixed martial artists have successfully added wrestling to their skill set.

I could mention many famous wrestlers. Some wrestlers have made their mark in folkstyle, freestyle, Greco-Roman, catch-as-catch-can, and other forms of wrestling. Some wrestlers have excelled in more than one form of wrestling. Some have been formidable wrestling coaches as well as exceptional wrestlers such as Dan Gable and John Smith.

Some Notable Wrestlers

  • Martin “Farmer” Burns
  • Frank Gotch
  • Karl Gotch
  • The Great Gama (He was never defeated during his career.)
  • Robin Reed (He was incredible. He never lost a match.)
  • Ivar Johansson (A Swedish wrestler who competed in the 1932 Olympics; he won a gold medal in Greco-Roman and in freestyle.)
  • Danny Hodge (Have you heard of the Dan Hodge Trophy?)
  • Yojiro Uetake
  • Bobby Douglas
  • Dan Gable (Do I really need to say anything about Dan Gable? He was phenomenal.)
  • John Peterson
  • Ben Peterson
  • Wade Schalles (One of the greatest pinners of all time.)
  • Lee Kemp
  • Kenny Monday
  • Bruce Kinseth (Another incredible wrestler. He finished his collegiate career by pinning his way through the Big Ten and NCAA tournaments in 1979.)
  • Bruce Baumgartner
  • Dave Schultz
  • Mark Schultz
  • Gene Mills
  • John Smith (Do I really need to say anything about John Smith? He was phenomenal.)
  • Tom Brands
  • Terry Brands
  • Cael Sanderson
  • Henry Cejudo

Well, I could list hundreds of notable wrestlers. I’m sure you have your idols and role models that inspire you.

You should remember the rich tradition wrestling has and the great men that have wrestled before you. One of those great men may be your coach, father, or brother. You should always be a good representative for the sport of wrestling.

Go With the Flow

One of Taoism’s central concepts is wu wei. Wu wei has to do with not forcing things. Wu wei means “without action.” Wu wei could also be defined as “effortless effort.” The closest American equivalent is probably the expression “going with the flow.” Or, perhaps you’ve heard the expression “rolling with the punches.” Have you ever had a match that seemed effortless? Have you ever had a match where you were totally focused and everything went right? Sometimes we work hard in practice and in our conditioning and yet it doesn’t feel hard.

So, how can we go with the flow? I think that a wrestler needs to drill and practice his moves and techniques repeatedly until they become second nature. If you flow seamlessly from move to another in a match, then you have probably reached that state of “effortless effort.” Sometimes a match doesn’t go as expected and you have to make some adjustments. You can’t lose your composure and give up. You need to go with the flow. You need to say to yourself, “No problem, I can handle this situation.” Going with the flow does not mean giving up and accepting whatever happens. It means being ready to react and deal with whatever comes your way. I think that going with the flow means being flexible so that you can handle challenging situations. Maybe you need to change your strategy during a match. When an opportunity presents itself you need to “strike while the iron is hot.” Often, you don’t really need to think during a match because you simply react and handle whatever your opponent does.

Stay in the Moment

Zen Buddhism has a concept called “mindfulness.” Mindfulness essentially translates to “staying in the moment.” Do you get distracted during a match? Do you get nervous and find yourself thinking about whether you will win or lose? I think that a wrestler needs to focus on the process or the means (i.e. his moves and techniques) as opposed to the outcome of the match. We all want to win. Thinking about winning before your match and visualizing winning is fine. But, when you are actually wrestling you need to be focused on the task at hand and nothing else. If you focus on your moves and wrestle a focused match, then winning will take care of itself.

Do you stay focused during wrestling practice? Do you make the most of it? A wrestler shouldn’t be distracted thinking about other things during practice. He needs to stay in the moment. He needs to focus on his training. He needs to be observant and listen to his coach. He should encourage teammates. He should immerse himself in practice and give it his undivided attention.

Be desireless. Be excellent. Be gone.

I watched a funny movie called The Tao of Steve. In this movie, the main character practices his personal form of Taoism. He tries to help a friend by giving him advice on how to get a girlfriend. His friend summed up the advice as, “Be desireless. Be excellent. Be gone.” I think this advice can apply to wrestling as well. If you approach a wrestling match as though it is a matter of life or death, you are probably putting way too much pressure on yourself. In addition, too much desire to win can be detrimental. Of course, you need desire. You need passion. However, as I stated previously, you shouldn’t get overly focused on the outcome of the match. Focus on the process. The process involves focusing on executing your moves and “being excellent.” Your moves and technique will be excellent if you drill and practice religiously. Finally, be gone. I never cared too much for wrestlers that did victory dances or back flips after winning a match. I’m not saying I didn’t pump my fist in the air once or twice. Usually, I just shook hands and walked off the mat. Victory was reward enough without celebrating. I was happy and proud on the inside. I’ve noticed that many great wrestlers are actually humble. They wrestle a great match, shake hands, and run off the mat. Maybe they are already thinking of preparing for the next match. Julius Caesar famously stated, “I came. I saw. I conquered.” I like to see aggressive wrestlers who wrestle a focused match, take care of business, shake hands, and then run off the mat. That’s how I remember Tom Brands and many other University of Iowa wrestlers. Tom didn’t smile or pump his fist in the air. He simply took care of business and then ran off the mat. I read a horoscope once that stated, “Don’t chase admiration – be humble, quietly take care of business. I am reminded of the lone cowboy (without a name) who rides into town, defeats the bad guys, and then leaves without any fanfare. He just takes care of business and then vanishes.

Way of the Warrior

The Bushido code of the samurai is associated the following seven virtues:

  • Rectitude
  • Courage
  • Benevolence
  • Respect
  • Honesty
  • Honor
  • Loyalty

What sort of code should a wrestler follow? Do what is morally right. Conduct yourself in a responsible and professional manner. Never waver in your quest to be in excellent condition and to excel in competition. Be a good role model for your teammates. Be courageous and believe in yourself even in the face of challenges. Be kind. Help your teammates and support them. Treat all of your teammates well including underclassmen. Respect your coaches, teammates, opponents, family, friends, and community members. Have integrity. Tell the truth. Be a person who keeps his word. Be loyal to your coaches, teammates, school, family, friends, and community. Be a dutiful wrestler by practicing hard and competing with the intention of performing to your utmost ability.

Lao Tzu is considered to be the father of Taoism. The following are some quotes by him and my thoughts.

“Do the difficult things while they are easy and do the great things while they are small. A journey of a thousand miles must begin with a single step.” –Lao Tzu

Earlier I mentioned going with the flow. Be ready to react. It’s easier to stop a takedown attempt if you stop it before your opponent already has a tight grip around your leg. Working hard in practice is easier when you build up your work capacity slowly. If you drill and practice hard then competition may seem relatively easy. Don’t wait until the last minute to get into great condition. Don’t wait until the last period to get aggressive in a match.

“An ant on the move does more than a dozing ox.”–Lao Tzu

You may face wrestlers who are bigger and stronger than you are. You may face wrestlers who are supposedly more talented than you are. You can win matches by using skills that you have drilled repeatedly, by being aggressive, by being confident, and by being in excellent condition.

“Great acts are made up of small deeds.” –Lao Tzu

You can achieve greatness. There isn’t any real secret to being a great wrestler. Greatness comes from doing many small things repeatedly and consistently. You need to drill and practice. You need to get into excellent condition. You need to educate yourself about proper technique and proper conditioning by observing and listening to your coach. You can also learn from teammates, camps, clinics, books, and videos. You can practice visualization and positive self-talk. You can practice good nutrition. All of theses “small deeds” can lead to wrestling greatness.


Although I don’t care much for wrestlers who do victory dances or back flips on the mat following a win, I didn’t mean to imply that you shouldn’t be happy after winning. You should be happy and proud of your accomplishments. You should be happy with the knowledge that your hard work and dedication paid off. Encourage your teammates and celebrate their victories as well. Sometimes teams get together and celebrate after a competition. This is a great thing to do as well. So, yes, celebrating is a good thing. I simply prefer to celebrate off the mat.

Review of Main Points

  • Remember your elders and the rich history of wrestling.
  • Go With the Flow. Be ready for whatever your opponent does and for whatever situations arise in a match.
  • Stay in the moment. Don’t think too much about the outcome of the match while you are wrestling. Focus on the process (i.e. executing your moves powerfully and flawlessly) and then winning will take care of itself. Always make the most of practice time.
  • Be desireless. Be excellent. Be gone. Focus on your moves, take care of business, then run off the mat and begin to prepare for the next competition.
  • Conduct yourself in a responsible and professional manner. Be a good representative for your school and for the sport of wrestling. Strive to be a good role model. Always practice hard and compete with the intention of winning. Practice virtues such as courage, honor, and loyalty.
  • Be prepared physically and mentally for every match. Be confident in your abilities and in your conditioning. Remember that you can always learn new moves and new techniques. Drill and practice moves repeatedly until they become second nature.
  • Celebrate!

I hope that some of these concepts and principles can help you on your path to wrestling greatness.

Source by Tharin Schwinefus

Customers Do not Buy From People They Like, They Buy From Those They Trust

It is often said that customers buy from people they like. While we do not usually buy from people we dislike, there is one more dimension to this old saying.

Customers buy from people they trust

To illustrate this point further, let's look at how typical prospective customers react to new sales people making the first contact with them (otherwise known as cold-calling):

1. They find an excuse to hang up the phone as soon as possible
2. They make themselves very busy during appointments with sales people
3. They keep their mouths shut as much as possible when sales people ask questions
4. They will not refer the sales people to a higher authority even when such a need is clear
5. They often use delay tactics such as "If there is a need, we will call you" to appease sales people, etc.

These are, just a few examples, of customer's behaviors when they distrust the sales person. As such, to get customers interested and excited about what you have to offer, you first have to win their trust.

A Question of Lust

The reasons that customers do not trust sales people is very simple: they feel that the only thing that sales people care about is getting their money. Sadly, this "lust for the customers' money" is quite true with many sales people out there, AND customers can smell them from miles away.

When customers make purchases, what they really want in exchange for the money they spend, is substantiated value. That is, the products or services they buy bring better productivity, reduce wastages or simply improve their quality of life.

Here, the first step to build trust is this: you have to be perceived as being on the customers 'side and pro-actively help resolve customers' problems.

Here's a simple example. When most sales approach their prospective customers, they will say something like, "Hello, my name is xyz, and I'm from abc company. . As I will be around your vicinity on Tuesday afternoon, can I come and see you around 2 pm or 4 pm? "

The problem with this way of approach lie in how these intended customers respond. They will either just say "not interested", or say say yes and then get their secretaries to tell you "the boss has an urgent meeting, please leave your materials on the front desk, and we will call you when we have a need".

The reason for such responses from customers is that they do not trust what you said. They probably have seen just too many "productivity-enhancing gadgets", and hear too many "I happened to be just in your neighborhood" stories and certainly will be too busy to meet just another peddler of gadgets. Furthermore, they do not trust you enough to tell you their "productivity" challenges, if that is what your product will solve.

To overcome such trust issues at initial contact, both sales people and their managers will have to work together to build trust and allay customers' fears that they will be rip off, or that they will be wasting their time.

From the sales person perspective, she will have to provide the customer what Miller Heiman calls a Valid Business Reason into her opening call, eg "Hi, my name is xyz. I understand that many companies in your industry are facing serious challenges due to the Sharp increases in raw material costs. I'd like to explore with you if we can help improve your productivity, and thenby reducing your costs. "

From the sales managers' perspectives, trust will have to be built beyond the initial cold-call. Customers are likely to increase their trust if they had seen testimonies and case studies of past successes, PRIOR to the initial phone calls from sales people.

Build Credibility, NOT Benefits

Traditionally, many companies focus purely on the "Features, Advantages and Benefits", none of which will work if the customer does not trust you enough. Here, sales people would have to build credibility during the course of the sales process, namely:

* Listen
* Do your homework and ask intelligent questions
* Provide Assurance to your customers

Many sales people tend to put too much emphasis on their company, and the products they offer, that they forgot to listen to their customers needs, wants and concerns.

To ensure that customers spend more time talking, sales people would have to ask intelligent questions. Typically, customers expect sales people to have done some basic research on the customers' web sites. Sales people can improve on this by going through customers annual reports (if they are listed companies) or source for news reports about these customers. If a prospective customer is a competitor of a current customer, you can find out more information from the latter. Web 2.0 social networking sites are also a great source of information.

While some sales managers may anger that spending too much time on the Internet will eat into selling time and hence, is detrimental to sales. However, going to a customer and not knowing what are the right questions to ask will make the customer feel you are unprofessional and incompetent, which is worse. Sales managers will have to get the balance right by allocating sufficient time for research as well as for selling.

Ultimately, customers will often have niggling concerns about buying from you. Rather than avoiding those concerns for the fear that addressing them will hurt your sale, the opposite is likely to be true. If customers have gotten any unanswered questions or concerns about your products and services, they will be:

* Less likely to buy
* Buy less
* Drive a hard bargain on your price

Here, when you are approaching the closing stages of your sale, look out for symptoms that show the customer is nervous or uneasy. Then seek to address such concerns and provide the relevant assurances.

The Policy of Truth

Perhaps the largest destroyer of trust is to "over-promise and under-deliver". The causes of this destruction are two-fold:

* Sales people make promises to customers on things that they can not (or if if they can) deliver
* Companies who deliver less-than-expected levels of product qualities to their customers

For the former, sales managers would have to ensure sales people do not over-promise their customers just to get the sale or to reach their sales target. Doing so will severely damage the trust between buyer and seller, and will make it really difficult for future sales efforts to succeed.

For the latter, nothing de-motivates sales people more than having to answer customers' questions that they do not have answers to. No amount of sales effort will succeed if the company does not invest enough in quality to make sure customers get the value they pay for. When companies deliver shoddy quality, not only will there be decreases in sales, there will also be an immediate increase in sales staff turnover. It's not a question of "if", it's just a question of time. After all, who wants to sell for a company that they can not even trust?

Source by CJ Ng

Five Secrets to a Great Cinema Dining Experience

The idea of a ‘cinema brewery’ seems almost too alien to define. In many respects, combining good beer with a good movie makes sense. Kicking back with a cold one while digging a good flick is what life’s all about. The zaniness comes with taking this comfortable ‘home’ activity and turning it into an enterprise. Nonetheless, the cinema brewery/dine-in theater experience is one that has caught fire in recent years & become a major trend in the movie-watching business.

As with any cool idea, there are ways to make it even cooler, as well as ways to make it a total bust. Rather than lose focus with the latter, it’s the former that is where “it’s” at for sure.

Here are five secret (but not secret ways) to have a great cinema dining experience, especially if it’s your first time:

1. Think “Good Movie” The Whole Time – Even if you aren’t a movie buff, you watch enough commercials & movie promos to know what may or may not interest you. Trust your gut & choose a movie you actually might enjoy & are looking forward to watching. Engaging in the cinema dining experience means really trying to enjoy all facets of the process.

2. Call Ahead for Help – This seems a little wacky, but there once was a time when people used their phones to talk to people in other locations. Weird, huh? If you’re not sure how things work at a dine-in theater type setting, call the theater & ask for a mini crash-course on how it all goes down. Don’t think of it as being nerdy or uncool – think of it as good prep-work for a hassle-free time.

3. Arrive Early – In the same vein of being a proactive cinema brewery diner, you want to try arriving a little early to the showtime of your chosen movie. This way, you can get a little bit of a breakdown of everything, and in some cases, you may decide that you’ll need to call an audible regarding the movie you wanted to watch or the type of dining you’ll be taking in.

4. Avoid Opening Day – If this were a baseball game, sure, ‘Opening Day’ is what it’s all about. When it comes to seeing a movie on its official release date, though, you might be asking for some serious activity. Depending on the amount of action you’re looking to get yourself into, this may either be good or bad. If the crowd is especially large, though, it can cause some lag-time in your dine-in theater experience. No one likes to wait too long for a meal or a cold brew.

5. Use the Internet for Good – You’ve decided which dine-in theater you’ll be checking out, so why not use their website & social media presence to help guide you through showtimes, menu options, and considering you’re partaking in the cinema ‘brewery’ thing, you’ll also be able to check out the beer options they’ll have available.

Make your next movie-going adventure be a memorable one by getting on the cinema brewery train.

Source by Morris Raymond

How Odoo ERP Is Leveraging Productivity of the Manufacturing Sector

With the launch of cutting-edge technologies now and then, the present manufacturing sector needs to face many daunting challenges. These issues include cutthroat competition, rapidly changing needs of customers, efficient cost handling and proper deployment of skilled resource. Odoo Integration is the most suitable solution for meeting all these challenges. However, choosing and implementing the technology that meets your business needs efficiently is an intimidating task. Adhering this issue, Odoo ERP is a software which, is open source, highly cost-effective and greatly manages all aspects of the business.

Key Attributes of Odoo ERP manufacturing management

A full-fledged Odoo ERP module helps in designing, manufacturing, assembling and distributing all the products within the deadline. On a holistic view, it acts as the one-stop destination for managing bill of materials, order tracking and manufacturing schedules. Following here are some of the valuable features of Odoo manufacturing management.

  • Efficient Manufacturing: Automated work order scheduling is a key attribute of ERP manufacturing management, which, greatly helps in managing the wide range of inventory effectively.
  • Scheduling: Identifying the resource requirements, managing the resource capacities and beforehand resource planning are inevitable for the manufacturing sector. With this business software, you can schedule the work orders and track availability of the resources easily.
  • Automated work orders: With Bar code Support, users can record various operations in an automated way and thus, it minimises the level of manual efforts and time as well.
  • Flexibility to Define Master Data: With a great deal of flexibility, this high-end business software helps users to manage multi level billing, bill of purchased materials, routing and changes in the versions.
  • Smart and Intuitive User Interface: This allows users to manufacture the products and organise work orders based on their choice. You can process the orders efficiently from the list view, calendar view and make necessary edits of the proposed schedule. It presents a Gantt view to the users which, greatly offers flexibility and control the view in a customised way.
  • Analytics for Inventory & Manufacturing: It helps you to keep inventory and manufacturing in proper synchronisation by offering a clear view of the manufacturing activities and stock levels for streamlined reporting and uninterrupted business workflow.

Industries Catered by Odoo ERP Manufacturing Module

  • Transportation and Automobile: Implementation of ERP solutions has greatly helped the transportation and automobile companies to boost their productivity levels since, they are always on the go.
  • Industrial Equipment: Industrial equipment manufacturing companies need to deal with high volume of material procurement and manufacturing and Odoo ERP greatly helps in maintaining all these operations effectively.
  • Medical: Supply chain management, quality assurance and on-time delivery are some of the daunting areas of the medical and healthcare industry, which, gets well-arranged with Odoo Integration.

Apart from these, there are a number of other industries that have reaped the promising benefits of having an experienced Odoo functional consultant by side.

Businesses are evolving fast, irrespective of whichever domain it belongs to. Thus, it has become inevitable for businesses to reap the potential of ERP solutions and make their work operations simpler, advanced and performance-oriented.

Source by Rob Stephen

Yeezys and Sneakers – Shoe Shopper’s Delight

A complete outfit stands to be an integral part of any human life. But whether we ever needed to consider what we mean by a complete outfit? Perfectly suited clothing for the occasion could easily be referred to as a complete outfit for that moment.

But is it necessary to follow the rules of dressing? What are the different accessories related to an outfit? All these questions need to answered. Just imagine wearing jeans for an important interview not a good idea. And that too not with formal shoes, just like spoiling it with your attire.

The attire, followed by the person in his/her life very well defines his/her mindset and way of living life. Certainly, each accessory of the outfit be it shirt, t-shirt, jeans, trousers, watch, shoes etc hold their respective importance, but shoes are the sight to behold if worn with a sense of dressing.

Different Types of Shoes-

With changing times, trends related to the design, importance and usability of shoes have certainly changed. Olden times include the continuous use of leather shoes in normal life, social life and professional life too.

But now a days, shoes have categories too. Be it formal shoes, party wear, casual shoes and many more. The most famous of these are the sneakers and formal shoes. The reason behind their popularity stands to be their usability, comforts and many more things.

Formal shoes have a great usage in daily life of professional persons as they prefer to wear them with great ease and also their suitability with the dress of the office timings make them the most preferred choice of professionals.

But imagine going to shopping or some other leisure event with these formal shoes is not a pleasure sight both for the person himself and other around him.

Sneakers and Yeezys-

Sneakers and yeezys are a part of the casual shoes category. These are the type of shoes which very well revolutionized the world of shoes with their design, ease of wearing, compatibility and use. Almost all the famous brands be it Addidas, Nike, Jordan and many more have started to manufacture them.

And to the much awaited surprise, they have paid well off to their manufacturers with their rising popularity day by day. With much affordable cost they are the best pick for today’s generation individuals as well as the older generation too.

The most important part of their popularity stands to be the comforts in them. One could wear them on any occasion of his/her choice with almost all the dressing outfits just due to their compatibility in a special effort of their design.

Also, today, many famous celebrities started to be put in collaboration with famous companies for a new category of sneakers i.e., yeezys. Sneakers are of many type be its high end, higher ankle and lower ankle. Depending upon the choice of individuals they serve to their best use.

With a change in design they also needed to be taken special care of.

Source by Shalini Madhav

10 Tips for Avoiding Eye Strain and Basic Information About Symptoms and Causes

Avoiding eye strain is avoiding serious eye and visual problems. It is necessary to prevent the eyes from getting strained in order to maintain clear and sharp vision.

Strain in the eye occurs when the eyes get tired from too much use like reading or working at a computer or driving a car for long periods.

Eyestrain usually goes away once you rest your eyes however easily strained eyes can indicate an underlying eye condition that must be treated at once.

The Symptoms of Strained Eyes

The following are the signs and symptoms of a strained eye:

  • Watery eyes
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Increased sensitivity to light
  • Sore, tired, burning or itching eyes
  • Dry eyes
  • Sore neck
  • Shoulder pain

Working in front of a computer all day can also cause additional eye strain symptoms such as:

  • Seeing after images or color fringes when you look away from the screen
  • Having trouble shifting your focus between paper documents and screen

Avoiding Eye Strain: The Causes of Ocular Strain

These are the common causes of strain in the eyes:

  • One of the most common causes of strain is the use of computer or video monitor for long periods. This ocular strain caused by using a computer is called computer vision syndrome. Computer vision syndrome can sometimes worsen underlying eye problems like uncorrected vision or eye muscle imbalance.
  • Reading for extended periods
  • Straining to see in very dim light
  • Exposure to bright light or glare
  • Activities that involve extended periods of intense focus and concentration like driving a vehicle or using a microscope.

Risk Factors for Ocular Strain

The underlying risk factors for eye strain include the following:

  • Stress or fatigue
  • Doing activities that require intensive or extended use of the eyes (driving, using a computer, studying printed materials, etc) on a daily basis.
  • Unresolved vision problems or underlying eye problems like eye muscle imbalance.
  • Moving air from heating and air conditioning

10 Tips for Avoiding Eye Strain

The following are some helpful tips for avoiding eye strain in the workplace and at home.

  1. Position your monitor 20-26 inches from your eyes. If your prescription eyeglass does not allow clear vision at that distance, get it adjusted.
  2. Set the resolution of your monitor screen, the text size of the internet browser and the zoom and font default on other applications. This will make text easier to read. The standard screen resolution is 600×800.
  3. Blink often to relax the eyes and avoid strain. The average blink rate is 22 times per minute. When staring at a computer monitor, the rate goes down to 7 per minute which causes the lens of the eye to dry out. An eye moistener may be used if you can’t get into the habit of blinking often.
  4. Minimize computer glare. Ensure that the background light level around the monitor is the same as the level of screen light. Minimize bright lights or direct sunlight in front of the monitor or behind it. if a bright background or reflection cannot be adjusted, attach a glare shield.
  5. Prevent repetitive upper body and eye movement from paper to screen by placing a paper holder at the same level as the monitor to hold documents.
  6. Every 15-20 minutes, look away from the PC monitor for 30 seconds. Look at things at least 20 feet away or look outside a nearby window to let the eyes focus and rest.
  7. Adjust the height of the monitor so that the upper edge is even with your view when looking straight ahead. You can tilt the screen upward to avoid looking at the image at an angle. The best screen position is 10-20 degrees below eye level.
  8. Set the monitor refresh rate to at least 75 hz. 60 hz is too slow and will easily strain the eyes.
  9. Once every half hour, put the palm of your hands over your eyes for 60 seconds or so. This exercise warms and relaxes the muscles around the eyes.
  10. Adjust the contrast and brightness of the screen to levels you use when reading a book comfortably.

Avoiding Eye Strain: When to See a Doctor

These tips on avoiding eye strain should help relax the eyes and relieve symptoms of optical tiredness. If these methods can’t help relieve eye strain symptoms however, it is best to consult an eye doctor. Also if you have ongoing symptoms that include eye discomfort, headache, double vision and a noticeable change in vision, you should speak with an eye doctor at once. Avoiding eye strain is the best way to care for your eyes and ensure that your vision lasts.

Source by Harriet Y Chan

How To Wrap Presents In An Interesting Way

We give presents to our friends and family with different occasions and we usually use wrapping paper or present bags when offering them the gifts. But some people may consider these to traditional, dull. So, they try to wrap the presents in different other ways. As I have family and friends who like to open their presents from me just because they look differently, I began finding new ways of wrapping presentations.

Tip number one when you want to wrap presents in a different way is to be creative. Do not think you made a mistake at a certain point in the process, but think of a new way to make that step bring new looks for the present.

Tip number two is to buy as colored paper as you may need, and do not cut the paper, if it is three times larger than the present. We are going to need this. Bring closer a pair of scissors, ribbon of other type of threads, duck tape and flowers made of paper. I usually go for origami flowers, but recently I have discovered how to make flowers of textile. So, if you have one, use it.

Tip number three is to get on working. Place the gift in the middle of the paper, the colored paper facing the table. Now bringing the upper and lower parts of the paper on the present. If needed, use some duct tape. Now the fun part begins. Bring the left and right side of the paper on to the present. Do not try to get them there straight. Fold one side of the paper, on the right side, let's say, by pulling the upper corner to the center. You are going to have a triangle formed. But the triangle is continued into a rectangular shape. Now bring the whole side on the gift and make a fan out of the rectangular part left, beginning from the present to exterior.

Continue working with the other side. You can repeat the steps or you can try doing a different model. For example, you can transform the side into a triangle, by bringing both corners toward the middle. Is like making an airplane. Now, you can bring this triangle on the other side of the gift. Fold it again into another shape or you can make two fans, this time, from the upper parts of the triangle. Use duct tape to make them stick.

Add a flower on the part that you find is more appealing and add some ribbon or thread to make the leaves for the flower. And again, be creative.

Source by Theo Grigore

Famous Guitars: Gibson

When you think of guitars, even if you're not an avid player, a few names come to mind. There are Fender guitars and there are Gibson guitars. Fender got its start back in 1938 when they opened a radio repair store. It was not until 1954 though that the famous Fender Strat guitar hit the market. Gibson, on the other hand was established back in 1902 in Kalamazoo, Michigan by a man named Orville Gibson, and his start was not with fixing radios.

Orville started his company to produce mandolins. Back in 1898 he patented the first single piece mandolin that was durable and also able to be mass marketed. He began to sell his instruments in the late 1800's and ever came across a design for an arch top guitar, something that had not been seen before. By the 1930's the company were making flat top acoustic guitars as well as one of the first commercially available hollow body electric guitars to hit the market.

Sadly, Orville Gibson died a few years after his company was founded in 1902 but his legacy lives on to this day. It is this company, of course, that manufactures the ultra popular and iconic Gibson Les Paul, a guitar named after Les Paul, an influential musician in the 1950's. Today these guitars are still as legendary as ever and are highly collectible, which of course also means that they are widely imitated.

Today, through various deals and partnerships, Gibson also makes instruments under other brand names like Epiphone, Kramer, and Tobias to name a few. They also manufacture electronic products through household names like Philips and Pioneer.

Think a Gibson is just too expensive? Well, never fear as the company actually produces its own authorized copies of the successful guitar lines. While they do not have the famous Gibson logo, they are still crafted to their high standard and are more affordable than the main branded ones.

Many famous guitarists play Gibson guitars, but you do not have to be a highly paid rock star to do so. Those who like quality, history, the collectability factor and want to play like the pros can also get their hands on a Gibson and make beautiful music. Whether you are impressed with the Les Paul model or any of the others, Gibson has been known for generations as one of the best places to get a guitar. From humble beginnings great great things.

Source by Amanda J Hales

Some Of The Reasons To Consider Online Jewlery Stores

Looking for the perfect diamond? Intrigued by the bobbles and bling hanging off your favorite Hollywood star's neck? Have you even gone as far as searching the Internet for glimpses of these shiny, clear stones? It's no wonder. Who can resist a girl's best friend, hanging from earrings, clamped into a ring, or dangling from a bracelet?

You can do plenty when utilizing online diamond jewelry stores. Maybe that someone special has captured your heart to the point that you can not resist buying the perfect gift like a diamond engagement, a wedding or an anniversary ring. The most common visitors at the online diamond store are shopping for engagement or wedding bands. We should not be surprised for their desire for diamonds, because, after all, diamonds are forever, right? No wonder couples will not settle for bands without diamonds or an engagement ring without the pricey gem, the ring itself symbolizes "forever."

No matter you reason for visiting the online diamond store, make sure that you keep your eyes open for the best deal: shop as many online stores as possible, and do not find yourself stuck to the pages of a few sites with beautiful pictures. Different stores will offer different deals and discounts, so persistence will pay off. Determination and perseverance especially matters for those on a tight budget where getting the best deal for the best gem matters. Those looking for the best deal with need one essential ingredient: patience.

However, if your pockets are bulging with cash, and money is not an issue, take your time. Go for a famous diamond design jeweler like Tiffany's, Zales, or others. Maybe your loved one has sparked some creativity, and you want to design your own ring. Do not stress out: online stores have services that will help those seeking out the perfect unique ring. The internet will provide you with just what you need.

Online shopping may cause a little trepidation thanks to identity theft crooks and other stories of line fraud. Who would not be nervous about giving out important information to someone you've never met before. Anytime you do business online, research the company you're working with. Research the diamonds the company uses, and then go to the actual store you've found online if you need more reassurance.

Most importantly, seek out an authentic diamond jewelry store. The stores will include diamond details on their website, but still you should have your item appraised by an appraiser outside of the store to achiever a fair and accurate result or certification.

So the next time the urge to bring some sparkle back into your life hits you, consider online diamond shopping. You might just find yourself with some inexpensive yet quality frosting in your jewelry box.

Source by Gregg Hall

6 Types Of Costumes You Should Avoid Wearing

When you are looking for a costume, you need to choose one that is unique and expresses your personality. This calls for you to avoid those that aren’t right for you. To help you out, here are some of the costumes to stay away from.

1970s disco dancer

There is nothing unique about this outfit. It has been worn for decades. Some people are offended by it. Also, there is nothing new about the natural hair. The afro hair is natural hair that can’t be recognized as a costume.

Scream villain

The scream villain is a popular character in the 1996 horror video. There is nothing wrong with the outfit as everything on it screams creativity; Due to the popularity of the character and video, it has been worn for decades. Just like the above outfit, it’s overused and screams nothing unique about it.

Regular officer uniform

The police look is beaten to death, and there is no reason why you should wear it. In addition to looking like a dork, you also give the impression that you aren’t creative. Instead of the regular look, go for the rare SWAT look.


Many lazy people love the prisoner look as all you need is an orange t-shirt. Unfortunately, due to the simplicity of the look, it has been around for a very long time. In fact, when you are attending a party, you will most likely come across two or more people donning the look. This isn’t because it’s awesome. It’s because it’s easy to put together.

Sexy look

Who wouldn’t want the sexy look, right? If you are over the age of 25, you should avoid it gives you a cheap look. It has also been beaten to death thus no reason to done it as a creative. Avoid wearing anything that makes you look like a sexy nurse, sexy witch, and any other look.


You must have seen this outfit for a long time. This isn’t only because ghosts have been around for centuries, also because it’s easy to create the outfit. All you need is a bed sheet and bore holes through it. This outfit is over worn. It also makes it difficult to enjoy the party as you can’t easily take your drink.


These are some of the costumes you should avoid wearing to your party. As rule of thumb, avoid an outfit that has been over-worn or is offensive to certain people.

Source by Idd Aziz